Beginning in 1987, barely two years after its inauguration, POSTECH began to draw students from the top 2% of high school graduates. It is a private, coeducational institution of higher learning devoted to science and engineering and at present comprised of 10 departments; chemistry, mathematics, physics, life science, computer science, materials science & metallurgical engineering, mechanical engineering, electronic & electrical engineering, and chemical engineering, and general education. A new Graduate School of Information Technology was established in 1991, a new Graduate School of Iron & Steel Technology in 1994, and a similar graduate school of Environmental Technology is slated to open this year. The university has 1,300 undergraduates and 1,000 graduate students. The university has aggressively recruited some 170 faculty members in the first five years and now has the faculty of over 200 professors with the average age of 45. The relationship between POSTECH and POSCO has also evolved; POSCO has changed its role from that of the sole controlling benefactor to that of a major research contractor. Presently there are 15 research institutes or centers on campus including the POSTECH Information Laboratory, the Pohang Light Source and five Science Research Centers and Engineering Research Centers endowed by the Korean Science and Engineering Foundation. Recently the university obtained a major endowment from the LG Electronics and another major endowment for the Graduate School on Environmental Technology from the Ministry of Education. The University's operating budget comes from its endowment valued at about 400 million US dollars and the overheads from research grants amounting to about 50 million US dollars annually. Tuition covers only a small fraction of the budget.
Recognizing early on the crucial importance of the information superhighway, POSTECH managed to fully network itself to the rest of the world: it is networked by LAN with a FDDI backbone, which is connected to the rest of Korea by the KORNet with T1 (1.544Mb/s) and another slower but recently upgraded Kreonet. The speed of these lines is expected to reach 650Mb/s in 1997. In addition to its library which is connected to other libraries in the world, the Andrew File System (/afs/) implemented at POSTECH is its first in Korea.
Web homepages for POSTECH and for its Physics Department contain further information. Both POSTECH and its Physics Department are linked to the HFPN Webvision . (This article has been prepared based on materials provided by Professor Seunghwan Kim, Associate Professor of Physics and Associate Professor of Mathematics, Pohang University of Science and Technology. Co-Editors would like to express their appreciation to Professor S. Kim)