[In the early days of quantum mechanics] ... it was a good description to say that it was a game, a very interesting game one could play. Whenever one solved one of the little problems, one could write a paper about it.
It was very easy in those days for any second-rate physicist to do
first-rate work. There has not been such a glorious time since. It is
very difficult now for a first-rate physicist to do second-rate work.
Paul Dirac, The Development of Quantum Mechanics. (Published in Directions in Physics, 1978)
With no copyright obstacles, GCC reverted to the original Pac-Man visual
schemes but changed Crazy Otto into a female character. The title
morphed from Crazy Otto to Super Pac-Man to Pac-Woman to Miss Pac-Man,
but was ultimately changed to Ms. Pac-Man after Midway executives
noticed that the game's interstitial cartoons featured a pac-baby and
wanted to avoid controversy around an unwed pac-mother.
Christina Couch, Game on: How MIT students outfoxed Atari and made one of the world's best-selling arcade games. MIT Technology Review, 21 August 2019.
Often in the evening or at weekends I would bring my young daughter,
Lauren, into work with me. One day, she was with me when I was doing a
simulation of a mission to the moon. She liked to imitate me — playing
astronaut. She started hitting keys and all of a sudden, the simulation
started. Then she pressed other keys and the simulation crashed. She had
selected a program which was supposed to be run prior to launch — when
she was already "on the way" to the moon. The computer had so little
space, it had wiped the navigation data taking her to the moon. I
thought: my God — this could inadvertently happen in a real mission. I
suggested a program change to prevent a prelaunch program being selected
during flight. But the higher-ups at MIT and Nasa said the astronauts
were too well trained to make such a mistake. Midcourse on the very next
mission — Apollo 8 — one of the astronauts on board accidentally did
exactly what Lauren had done. The Lauren bug! It created much havoc and
required the mission to be reconfigured. After that, they let me put the
program change in, all right.
Margaret Hamilton, Interview in The Guardian, 13 July 2019.
A full formal framework with details of the tedious proofs included in our submitted version is omitted in this presentation - undoubtedly to the relief of many. Donald Beaver, Precomputing oblivious transfer, CRYPTO 1995.
In the same survey, 93% of economists with an opinion on the issue
agreed that the economic benefits of robots will be so great that they
could be used to compensate the workers who were negatively
effected. But in a survey I conducted in my imagination, 100% of people
who have not been living in a cave the past two hundred years agreed
that this will never happen in real life.
Scott Alexander, Technological Unemployment: much more than you wanted to know, Slate Star Codex.
I hope everyone realized that my previous remark about non-use
of joke markers was a joke, and was flagged as such by the
absence of a marker. This message is not a joke, as indicated
by the exclamation point.
Guy Steele, in the Discussion thread that introduced the :-) emoticon, 1982.
I am a little troubled about the tea service in the electronic computer
building. Apparently the members of your staff consume several times as
much supplies as the same number of people do in Fuld Hall and they have
been especially unfair in the matter of sugar.... I should like to raise
the question whether it would not be better for the computer people to
come up to Fuld Hall at the end of the day at 5 o'clock and have their
tea here under proper supervision.
Letter to John von Neumann (shown in George Dyson's talk on The birth of the computer)
I was bold in the pursuit of knowledge, never fearing to follow truth
and reason to whatever results they led, and bearding every authority
which stood in their way.
These are just a few of the innovations developed for Live Search by
our people, some of whom didn't even pass calculus. Imagine
Microsoft advertisement for Windows Live
If you steal property, you must report its fair market value in your
income in the year you steal it unless in the same year, you return it
to its rightful owner.
Your Federal Income Tax, IRS Publication 17 (p. 90)
In mathematics you don't understand things, you just get used to them.
John Von Neumann
In the future we won't think for ourselves at all.
Luke Hughes, PC Computing, Feb 2000
Microsoft, in any case, is not the source of all bugs.
Business Week, December 6, 1999
The virtual shopping spree was a first for the President who has a
reputation for being "technologically challenged." But White House
sources insist that the First Shopper used his own laptop and even
"knew how to use the mouse."
Business Week Online, December 22, 1999
Due to problems with both Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.5 and Netscape
Communicator 6, many users may find it helpful to download and make
use of the latest Netscape Communicator browser in the 4.7x series,
Netscape Communicator 4.76.
NSF FastLane Download Instructions
In Washington, it's dog eat dog. In academia, it's exactly the
The reason universities have students is so they can teach the professors.
If nature has made any one thing less susceptible than all others
of exclusive property, it is the action of the thinking power called
an idea, which an individual may exclusively possess as long as he
keeps it to himself; But the moment it is divulged, it forces itself
into the possession of everyone, and the receiver cannot dispossess
himself of it. Its peculiar character, too, is that no one possesses
the less, because every other possesses the whole of it. He who
receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without
lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light
with- out darkening me. That ideas should freely spread from one to
another over the globe, for the moral and mutual instruction of man,
and improvement of his condition, seems to have been peculiarly and
benevolently designed by nature, when she made them, like fire,
expansible over all space, without lessening their density at any
point, and like the air in which we breath, move, and have our
physical being, incapable of confinement or exclusive
appropriation. Inventions then cannot, in nature, be a subject of
A doctor can bury his mistakes but an architect can only advise his
client to plant vines.
Frank Lloyd Wright
As far as I know, there is no eldricth altar at which students are sacrificed to nameless gods. But then, I was never a professor, so I can't be sure.
Always code as if the guy who ends up maintaining your code will be a
violent psychopath who knows where you live.
John F. Woods (on Matthias Felleisen's Home Page)
Achilles: I wish you'd tell me what a "meta-wish" is!
Genie: But THAT is a meta-meta-wish, Achillesand I don't grant them, either.
Douglas R. Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid
Analyzing humor is like dissecting a frog. Few people are interested
and the frog dies of it.
E. B. White
We are much more like flies in our development than you might
Lewis Wolpert, Principles of Development
People think less like sea urchins than they are.
Sea urchins are more like people than they think.
Steve Jobs, back in 1984, introduced the Macintosh by saying that we
were going to make the personal computer as easy to use as the
telephone. What we've done instead over the past fifteen years is make
the telephone harder to use.
Michael Rogers, Why is Easy-to-Use so Hard to Do?
If you keep proving stuff that others have done, getting confidence,
increasing the complexities of your solutions — for the fun of it — then
one day you'll turn around and discover that nobody actually did that
one! And that's the way to become a computer scientist.
Richard Feynman, Lectures on Computation
There's no business like show business, but there are several
businesses like accounting.
In their capacity as a tool, computers will be but a ripple on
the surface of our culture. In their capacity as intellectual challenge,
they are without precedent in the cultural history of mankind.
Edsger Dijkstra, 1972 Turing Award Lecture
If you have difficulty remembering when to use effected and when to use affected, this sentence from a US government handbook on "Eleven Steps to Survival" should help:
If you were near the explosion without adequate protection, you would be seriously affected by the immediate radiation, in addition to being killed.Five dollars is an easy sell. It's a pitcher of beer. Five dollars for three professors is quite a deal.
It is necessary for technical reasons that these warheads be stored
upside down, that is, with the top at the bottom and the bottom at the
top. In order that there be no doubt as to which is the bottom and
which is the top, for storage purposes, it will be seen that the bottom
of each warhead has been labeled 'TOP'.
Instructions accompanying a shipment of ballistic missiles from British Admiralty (reported in The Humus Report)
This generation of students got into Harvard by doing exactly and
precisely what teacher wants. If teacher is vague about what he
wants, they work a lot harder to figure out what they want and whether
or not it is good. The vaguer the directions, the more likely the
opportunity for serendipity to happen. It drives them nuts!
Harvard Professor John Stilgoe (on "60 Minutes", 4 January 2004)
There is no clear answer to that question. Younger and aggressive (or
American) players tend to favour the Rock crushing Scissors view. More
liberal-minded players take the view that scissors are dulled by the
Rock. The World RPS Society created a task force in 1987 with a hope of
eventually resolving the issue but it has been locked in debate and we
no longer hold much hope of quick resolution.
World Rock Paper Scissors Society, Frequently Asked Questions answer to the question, Does Rock crush Scissors or is Scissors dulled by Rock?
The central purpose of the University of Virginia is to enrich
the mind by stimulating and sustaining a spirit of free inquiry directed
to understanding the nature of the universe and the role of
mankind in it. Activities designed to quicken, discipline, and enlarge
the intellectual and creative capacities, as well as the aesthetic
and ethical awareness, of the members of the University and to
record, preserve, and disseminate the results of intellectual discovery
and creative endeavor serve this purpose. In fulfilling it, the
University places the highest priority on achieving eminence as a
center of higher learning.
Institutional Purpose of The University of Virginia, Board of Visitors Manual (adopted in 1985)
The first principle was security... A consequence of this
principle is that every occurrence of every subscript of every
subscripted variable was on every occasion checked at run time against
both the upper and the lower declared bounds of the array. Many years
later we asked our customers whether they wished us to provide an option
to switch off these checks in the interests of efficiency on production
runs. Unanimously, they urged us not to—they already knew how
frequently subscript errors occur on production runs where failure to
detect them could be disastrous. I note with fear and horror that even
in 1980, language designers and users have not learned this lesson. In
any respectable branch of engineering, failure to observe such
elementary precautions would have long been against the law.
Tony Hoare, describing Elliott Brothers' Algol 60 implmenetation in The Emperor's Old Clothes (1980 Turing Award Speech)
DDT killed bald eagles because of its persistence in the
environment. ''Silent Spring'' is now killing African children because
of its persistence in the public mind.
New York Times Magazine, What the World Needs Now Is DDT , 11 April 2004.
"Ideologically, I am not opposed to the creation of a union,
especially when working conditions are poor or hazardous," he said.
"But quite frankly, being a teaching assistant at Columbia falls into neither of these categories."
Jason Governale, a fourth-year graduate student in history, quoted in Graduate Students Walk Out at Columbia, New York Times, 20 April 2004
Please only ordain others with their permission.
(This includes public figures
as well as cartoon and other fictional characters.)
Universal Life Church, Ordination Notice
Whatever else history may say about me when I'm gone, I hope it will record that I appealed to your best hopes, not your worst fears; to your confidence rather than your doubts. My dream is that you will travel the road ahead with liberty's lamp guiding your steps and opportunity's arm steadying your way.
Ronald Wilson Reagan, 1911-2004
Our plan and our hope was that the next generation of kids would come
along and do something better than Smalltalk around 1984 or so. We all
thought that the next level of programming language would be much more
strategic and even policy-oriented and would have much more knowledge
about what it was trying to do. But a variety of different things
conspired together, and that next generation actually didn't show
Alan Kay, Queue Interview
A strong body makes the mind strong. As to the species of exercise, I
advise the gun. While this gives a moderate exercise to the body, it
gives boldness, enterprise, and independence to the mind. Games played
with the ball, and others of that nature, are too violent for the body,
and stamp no character on the mind. Let your gun, therefore, be the
constant companion of your walks. Never think of taking a book with
you. The object of walking is to relax the mind. You should therefore
not permit yourself even to think while you walk; but divert yourself by
the objects surrounding you. Walking is the best possible
exercise. Habituate yourself to walk very far. The Europeans value
themselves on having subdued the horse to the uses of man; but I doubt
whether we have not lost more than we have gained, by the use of this
animal. No one has occasioned so much the degeneracy of the human
body. An Indian goes on foot nearly as far in a day, for a long journey,
as an enfeebled white does on his horse; and he will tire the best
horses. There is no habit you will value so much as that of walking far
without fatigue. I would advise you to take your exercise in the
afternoon: not because it is the best time for exercise, for certainly
it is not; but because it is the best time to spare from your studies;
and habit will soon reconcile it to health, and render it nearly as
useful as if you gave to that the more precious hours of the day. A
little walk of half an hour, in the morning, when you first rise, is
advisable also. It shakes off sleep, and produces other good effects in
the animal economy. Rise at a fixed and an early hour, and go to bed at
a fixed and early hour also. Sitting up late at night is injurious to
the health, and not useful to the mind. Having ascribed proper hours to
exercise, divide what remain (I mean of your vacant hours) into three
portions. Give the principal to History, the other two, which should be
shorter, to Philosophy and Poetry.
Thomas Jefferson, letter to Peter Carr, 19 Aug 1785.
To receive tenure at 29 is to know, depending on your field, that you'll
be guaranteed to earn $80,000, or $100,000, or $150,000 a year (in
current dollars) for at least the next 36 years, that you'll receive pay
raises, that you'll have the opportunity to earn extra cash through
teaching, consulting, or writing textbooks. That you can go on
sabbatical, or leave to work in the White House for a couple of years,
and find your warm spot waiting for you on your return. That you can
work into your 60s or 70s without any pressure to retire. And the perks?
Tons of paid vacation, the free use of gyms and libraries, maybe even
free tuition for your kids. Why, it's downright paternalistic! Welfare
capitalism has long been on the decline, but it's alive and well at
Harvard and other universities.
How many other professions make a similar promise today? Um, none.
Daniel Gross, Slate Magazine
How many other professions make a similar promise today? Um, none.
I am confident that we can do better than GUIs because the basic problem
with them (and with the Linux and Unix interfaces) is that they ask a
human being to do things that we know experimentally humans cannot do
well. The question I asked myself is, given everything we know about how
the human mind works, could we design a computer and computer software
so that we can work with the least confusion and greatest efficiency?
Jef Raskin, designer of Macintosh, 1943-2005 (Ubiquity Interview)
Firewalls, packet filters, intrusion detection systems, and the like
often have difficulty distinguishing between packets that have malicious
intent and those that are merely unusual. The problem is that making
such determinations is hard. To solve this problem, we define a
security flag, known as the "evil" bit, in the IPv4 header. Benign
packets have this bit set to 0; those that are used for an attack will
have the bit set to 1.
RFC 3514 - The Security Flag in the IPv4 Header, Steve Bellovin
It is rare that you find two players of the same team slugging it out
with each other.
Sir Bobby Robson (on Newcastle teammates getting red cards for fighting each other)
Do not play in two halves. Rather play in one half or three halves in
order to completely differentiate yourselves from the heretics, the
polytheists, the corrupted and the disobedient.
God Is In the Rules, quoting a fatwa against football, New York Times, October 16, 2005
The real entertainment gimmick is the excitement, drama and mystery of
the subject matter. People love to learn something, they are
"entertained" enormously by being allowed to understand a little bit of
something they never understood before.
One must have faith in the subject and in people's interest in it.
Otherwise just use a Western to
The faith in the value of the subject matter must be
sincere and show through clearly. All gimmicks, etc. should be
subservient to this. They should help in explaining and describing the
subject, and not in entertaining. Entertaininment will be an automatic
Richard Feynman, Letter to Mr. Ralph Brown, Advisory Board in Connection with Programs on Science (in Perfectly Reasonable Deviations from the Beaten Track)
There's no sense in being precise when you don't even know what you're
John von Neumann
It might be a good rule simply to avoid any prestigious task.
If it didn't suck, they wouldn't have had to make it prestigious.
Paul Graham, How to Do What You Love
It's my view that Pluto for historical reasons should remain a
Otherwise, school kids will be confused. Any object that's bigger than Pluto should also be a planet.
Frank Bertoldi, quoted in The Washington Post, 2 February 2006.
Inside, a curvy staircase leads up to a tiled food court, surrounded by
deluxe cafeteria stations, grills and sushi bars, each advertising
itself on a brightly colored marquee: Old World. Upper Crust. Center Stage. Traditions. Innovations. Cravings.
Here in this found poetry, I think, is the heart and soul of the modern
New York Times Magazine, 21 May 2006.
Here in this found poetry, I think, is the heart and soul of the modern university.
Back in high school I told my dad, "I'm going to have a computer
And he said that it cost as much as a house-the downpayment on a house.
And I said, "Well, I'll live in an apartment."
"It's easy to find undergraduates to participate,
but with the guys nothing makes sense because they all eat like animals."
Brian Wansink, quoted in The New York Times
Software development takes immense intellectual effort. Even the best
programmers can rarely sustain that level of effort for more than a few
hours a day. Beyond that, they need to rest their brains a bit, which is
why they always seem to be surfing the Internet or playing games when
you barge in on them.
Joel Spolsky, How Hard Could It Be?: Five Easy Ways to Fail
Warning: The SSLF security settings are not intended for the majority of
The configuration for these settings has been
developed for organizations where security is more important than
Windows Vista Security Guide
Another [time management] strategy is to ignore the fact that you are slowly killing
yourself by not sleeping and exercising enough. That frees up several
hours a day. The only downside is that you get fat and die.
Scott Adams, The Dilbert Blog: Time Management
What do you make of the fact that John McCain was ranked 894 in a class
of 899 when he graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy?
I like to think that the reason he ranked so low is that he was out drinking beer, as opposed to just unable to learn stuff.
Charles Murray, interviewed in the New York Times, 19 September 2008
There is surely no more reliable way to kill enthusiasm and interest
in a subject than to make
it a mandatory part of the school curriculum. Include it as a major
standardized testing and you virtually guarantee that the education
establishment will suck the
life out of it.
Paul Lockhart, Lockhart's Lament
Remember that accumulated knowledge, like accumulated capital, increases
at compound interest: but it differs from the accumulation of capital in
this; that the increase of knowledge produces a more rapid rate of
progress, whilst the accumulation of capital leads to a lower rate of
interest. Capital thus checks its own accumulation: knowledge thus
accelerates its own advance. Each generation, therefore, to deserve
comparison with its predecessor, is bound to add much more largely to
the common stock than that which it immediately succeeds.
Charles Babbage, The Exposition of 1851, 1851
Department of Computer Science
University of Virginia